This stamp was issued to honor the 200th anniversary of Fort Ticonderoga, which some historians have called “The Key to a Continent.” The fort earned this name due to its strategic location on Lake Champlain in New York; it controlled the water route from Lake Champlain to Lake George. In Colonial days, almost everything had to move by water. So this route was essential for any invasion force coming into the colonies from Canada.
The French built the fort in 1755, but lost it to the British during the French and Indian War. When the American Revolution began, a group of Vermont soldiers known as the Green Mountain Boys prepared to take the stronghold. This force was led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. On May 10, 1775, the Green Mountain Boys staged a sneak attack, capturing Fort Ticonderoga without loss of life. The British recaptured the fort in 1777, but abandoned it in 1780.
After the war, the fort was dismantled; its stone was used locally for building. It was rebuilt in 1908, and a museum was opened there.
This stamp shows an image of the settlement founded by James Harrod, who led a group of Pennsylvanians into Kentucky in 1774. They built Fort Harrod, Kentucky's first permanent white settlement. Their wives and children arrived the following year.
Fort Nisqually was the first European settlement on Puget Sound – the large, irregular inlet in the northwest corner of Washington state. The fort was established in 1833, by the Hudson’s Bay Company of London, which was chartered by King Charles of England in 1670. It was located above the Nisqually River delta in the present-day town of DuPont, Washington. Fort Nisqually never had a true military purpose. In 1846, a treaty between the United States and Great Britain redefined each nation’s territories, and Fort Nisqually became part of the U.S. With the decline of the fur trade, the fort was closed in 1869.
About 65 years after its closing, major efforts began to preserve what remained of the fort. Two buildings were moved and then restored on another site. Other buildings were recreated to present Fort Nisqually as it would have looked in 1855. Today, Fort Nisqually is located in Tacoma’s Point Defiance Park.
Fort Kearny was the first of many forts built to protect the large numbers of settlers traveling on the Oregon Trail, the longest of the overland routes to the West. Established in 1848, it was originally called Fort Childs, but renamed. Soldiers transferring from the original Fort Kearny on the Platte River renamed the fort in honor of General Stephen Watts Kearny. Kearny was a U.S. Army commander in the frontier West, and the commander of the forces conquering New Mexico and California in the Mexican-American War.
Settlers traveling the Oregon Trail usually gathered in Independence, Missouri. As they traveled west, Fort Kearny was the first stop where new provisions could be purchased. As the number of travelers grew, so did the fort and its store of supplies. Fort Kearny also had a post office, so emigrants could send reports of their progress to family and friends. Although there was a large population of American Indians in the area, relations were quite peaceful, and the fort was never attacked.
Post by michaelcayley on Jun 6, 2017 7:47:00 GMT -5
Fort Cazemajou at Zinder on a 1942 Vichy administration stamp from Niger. Zinder is the second largest city of the country. After independence the fort, which was built by the French to serve as a barracks, was renamed Tanimoun after a 19th-century sultan.
Michael, currently majoring on worldwide to 1930 and British Commonwealth from Queen Victoria to King George VI.
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