I just realized that I did not make it clear in the posts above that I was only dealing with the cancels of 'normal' post offices. There were a number of specialized offices,particularly parcels offices and customs offices, which used other double circle handstamps. I have no in depth knowledge of these; but I will show a few examples to give you an idea of what I am taking about:
And finally this - A.O. of Split. If this was post-war I would have no hesitation that this was Americhki Odjel (or Odsek) = American Department. The problem is that I don't have any evidence that the department existed pre-war. Can anyone confirm (or deny) it?
Although Single Circle machine cancels were soon introduced, the vast bulk of handstamps in the twenties and early thirties were Double Circle. However before WW2 the first 'native' type of Single Circle handstamp was in widespread use in the format which went on to be used for a long time after the war, entirely taking over from the Double Circle.
This format has a great number of sub-types. The constant factor is a central single row of Day/Month/Year/Time. The post office name appears above and below in Latin and Cyrillic script. As with the Double Circle, there is a tendency, by no means wholly consistent, for cancels used in Slovenia/Croatia to have Latin at the top, with the reverse for the other four states. There may or may not be two decoration slugs separating the post office names which, where they are used, can be five-pointed stars or quadrafoils. There may or may not be a canceller identifier, which can be in the top or bottom half, numeral or letter, upper or lower case, Latin or Cyrillic.
It is likely that every combination of all these factors could be found in a cancel from somewhere. In addition there are a number of differences in size of circle, size and design of decoration, and size and style of text.
Immediately after the war a new variant of this type appeared. At first sight it appears no different; but in fact there is no longer a Cyrillic script. The two post office names are now both in Latin script and represent the Croat (above) and Italian (below) names of the town. This type was used in a small number of towns in Istria and Dalmatia which had a large Italian-speaking population.
And in other towns in the same area a second type appeared in which the Italian name is in parentheses.
A small number of offices had a long name, either because the name of the place was itself long, or because it was necessary to add an area name to distinguish it from an identically named place elsewhere (e.g. in the example below, there are two places called Ratece in Slovenia). In these cases only the Latin scripted name and a single decoration (if any) was used; the area information was added either after a dash or in parentheses, often with the word 'kod' or 'na' = at or by. (e.g. Biograd na Moru below)
And a similar situation - Usually sub offices in a large city are identified by a number, but in the case of the Sentvid district of Ljubljana they were apparently entitled to their name, thereby making the office name too big to fit on the canceller twice.
The type with the repeated post office names, with the above exceptions, and until a new type, with PO Identification Numbers was introduced in the 70s, was used for all 'normal' post. There were hovever a number of specialist cancels which used only a single office name, usually, but not quite always, in Latin script.
Above: Both terminal stations, occasionally with a third, intermediate, station Below: Line number, in a variety of sizes and fonts
The Samac-Sarajevo Line 37 was known as the Youth Railway because it had been built by volunteers from Youth organisations. Hence this one-off cancel: Stations and line number below. Above is the word Omladinska = Of The Youth
As with the Double Circles there are innumerable commemorative cancels which use the Single Circle format such as this for the 75th anniversary of the birth of the Slovenian writer Ivan Canker, granted to his home town of Vrhnika, though there was no associated stamp. Also a cancel for use at the 1966 Zagreb International Fair (Velesajam).
That's as much as I can do on the circle handstamps. To be honest I always assume it's handstamps that are being referred to when you say Circle Cancels. But I see that some people have posted machine cancels. So if the Threadman JohnnyO clarifies whether he wants something on Yugoslav Circle machine cancels, I'll try to put something together at a future date - or not!
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