Prior to Federation on 1 January 1901, Australia was made up of six of independent States and Colonies (under British rule): Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia. They all issued their own stamps, starting with New South Wales on January 1st 1850.
After Federation Australia issued stamps as a Commonwealth for all the States and Territories, although it did take a while to get organized: the first Australian stamp was issued in 1913 and marked the beginning of the "pre-decimal" era of stamp collecting. The values on these stamps were in the British monetary style of Pounds (£); shillings (20 s = 1£) and pence (12d = 1s or 1/-).
In 1966 Australia went through decimalization of its currency and weights and measures, the values on stamps changed to dollars and cents. This marks the start of the "decimal" era of stamp collecting.
First stamp in NSW, "Sydney Views" - imperforate.
Last Edit: Aug 10, 2013 18:22:56 GMT -5 by Perfs14
Some good information and a nice stamp, first time I see this stamp. Thanks for sharing.
My main collecting interest is the Fire Service (stamps, First Day Covers, postcards and slogans). I also collect Birds, Lighthouses, Civil War, Frogs, Rugby and Mills. My country collections are South Africa, Australia and Rhodesia. It never stops adding on. I would consider myself more of a topical collector.
From the 1850's until Federation, Victoria was a prolific producer of stamps. They not only produced the plates and printed the stamps but some of the designs were unique to the state. Most of the other states used plates produced in England and even the stamps were printed in England. At this stage, Victoria was very affluent and had a larger population due to the huge deposits of GOLD. After Federation, Victoria continued to print stamps for itself and some of the other states. In 1913, it printed Australia's stamps and this continued through various agencies to the present ( although now the stamps are printed by private companies through contract).
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