I Have a stamp from the Russian Empire and it is narrowed down to one of two. Is it vertical or horizontal? I moisten the stamp and it coils along the top to bottom axis, ⤿⤾, sides curl in. So any idea which is it? I have another one that when moisten the stamp and it coils along the side to side axis, ⤻⤺, top and bottom curl in.
I Have a stamp from the Russian I have another one that when moisten the stamp and it coils along the side to side axis, ⤻⤺, top and bottom curl in.
That would be vertically laid paper.
Please note that the above definitions for horizontal/vertical laid paper are for the PHILATELIC WORLD. Because the philatelic world defines it based on the narrow spaced lines that you sometimes see when holding up to a light or in watermark fluid. The PAPER WORLD actually defines it in REVERSE!!! So when looking up additional information, please make a note of whether the website is primarily philatelic or paper manufacturing!
What applies to both worlds: the paper will curl parallel with the grain direction. The grain direction is parallel to the chain lines of the laid paper. However, the philatelic world is concerned with the narrowly spaced (on the order of a millimeter) screen/mesh lines -- these are what the philatelic world calls "laid lines". The grain is perpendicular to those screen/mesh/"laid" lines. Therefore, the paper will curl perpendicular to those screen/mesh/"laid" lines that you see. For philatelic purposes, you should ignore the widely spaced (on the order of centimeters) chain lines
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